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What is the Role of Non-Pharmacotherapy in the Treatment of Depression with Cardiovascular Disease?

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dc.contributor.author Caskey, Taline J.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-27T18:17:35Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-27T18:17:35Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08-23
dc.identifier.citation T.J. Caskey, "What is the Role of Non-Pharmacotherapy in the Treatment of Depression with Cardiovascular Disease?", Ph.D. dissertation, School of Health Science, Univ. of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, 2019. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://scholarworks.bridgeport.edu/xmlui/handle/123456789/4253
dc.description.abstract Depression and cardiovascular disease are two of the leading causes of disability and death in the U.S. and worldwide, respectively. Both health disparities are frequently managed and treated with conventional medicine using drugs that may increase the pain and suffering of patients due to unwanted side-effects, thereby likely prompting patient nonadherence to physician guidance and pharmaceutical interventions. This study aims to determine the effects of various non-pharmaceutical therapies including psychotherapy, exercise therapy, meditation, and acupuncture with musical therapy, and their influence on depression and cardiovascular disease. The main question in this review asks: do non-pharmaceutical therapies have positive effects on depression and cardiovascular disease? The results indicate that several non-pharmaceutical interventions do have positive effects on depression and cardiovascular disease, and can even be as effective as antidepressants for the treatment of depression, when used alone or in combination with conventional medical practices. While the current research on non-pharmaceutical therapy for depression and cardiovascular disease is promising, additional studies are needed to gain a complete understanding of this influence. The intent of this review was also to encourage the health care community to implement a multidisciplinary and integrative approach to treating depression and heart disease, which are frequently comorbid and bidirectional, where the alleviation of one condition should prompt the recovery from the other. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Bridgeport en_US
dc.subject Acupuncture en_US
dc.subject Cardiovascular disease en_US
dc.subject Depression en_US
dc.subject Meditation en_US
dc.subject Non-pharmacotherapy en_US
dc.subject Psychotherapy en_US
dc.title What is the Role of Non-Pharmacotherapy in the Treatment of Depression with Cardiovascular Disease? en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.institute.department School of Health Science en_US
dc.institute.name University of Bridgeport en_US


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