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Real-Time QoS Routing Protocols in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks: Study and Analysis

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dc.contributor.author Alanazi, Adwan
dc.contributor.author Elleithy, Khaled M.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-04T16:40:09Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-04T16:40:09Z
dc.date.issued 2015-09-02
dc.identifier.citation Alanazi, A.; Elleithy, K. Real-Time QoS Routing Protocols in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks: Study and Analysis. Sensors 2015, 15, 22209-22233.
dc.identifier.uri https://scholarworks.bridgeport.edu/xmlui/handle/123456789/1346
dc.description.abstract Many routing protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks. These routing protocols are almost always based on energy efficiency. However, recent advances in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) cameras and small microphones have led to the development of Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSN) as a class of wireless sensor networks which pose additional challenges. The transmission of imaging and video data needs routing protocols with both energy efficiency and Quality of Service (QoS) characteristics in order to guarantee the efficient use of the sensor nodes and effective access to the collected data. Also, with integration of real time applications in Wireless Senor Networks (WSNs), the use of QoS routing protocols is not only becoming a significant topic, but is also gaining the attention of researchers. In designing an efficient QoS routing protocol, the reliability and guarantee of end-to-end delay are critical events while conserving energy. Thus, considerable research has been focused on designing energy efficient and robust QoS routing protocols. In this paper, we present a state of the art research work based on real-time QoS routing protocols for WMSNs that have already been proposed. This paper categorizes the real-time QoS routing protocols into probabilistic and deterministic protocols. In addition, both categories are classified into soft and hard real time protocols by highlighting the QoS issues including the limitations and features of each protocol. Furthermore, we have compared the performance of mobility-aware query based real-time QoS routing protocols from each category using Network Simulator-2 (NS2). This paper also focuses on the design challenges and future research directions as well as highlights the characteristics of each QoS routing protocol. en_US
dc.description.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/s150922209
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.subject Wireless sensor networks (WSN) en_US
dc.subject Wireless multimedia sensor network (WMSN) en_US
dc.subject Quality of service en_US
dc.subject Routing protocols en_US
dc.subject Energy efficiency en_US
dc.subject Reliability en_US
dc.subject Mobility en_US
dc.subject Real-time en_US
dc.title Real-Time QoS Routing Protocols in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks: Study and Analysis en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publication.issue 9 en_US
dc.publication.name Sensors en_US
dc.publication.volume 15 en_US


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