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A Portable Real-Time Noninvasive Skin Lesion Analysis System to Assist in the Melanoma Prevetion and Early Detection

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dc.contributor.author Abuzaghleh, Omar
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-17T18:00:23Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-17T18:00:23Z
dc.date.issued 2015-03-10
dc.identifier.citation O. Abuzaghleh, "A Portable Real-Time Noninvasive Skin Lesion Analysis System to Assist in the Melanoma Prevetion and Early Detection", Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Univ. of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, 2015. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://scholarworks.bridgeport.edu/xmlui/handle/123456789/1052
dc.description The author wished this thesis only accessible to current students and faculty, so we cannot provide it open access.
dc.description.abstract Melanoma spreads through metastasis, and therefore it has been proved to be very fatal. Statistical evidence has pointed out that the majority of deaths resulting from skin cancer are as a result of melanoma. Further investigations have shown that the survival rates in patients depend on the stage of the infection. In other words, early detection and intervention of melanoma implicates higher chances of curing the disease. Clinical diagnosis and prognosis of melanoma is a challenging task since the processes are prone to misdiagnosis and inaccuracies due to doctors' subjectivity. It's important to note that one in five Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime, and on average, one American dies from skin cancer every hour. A system to prevent this type of skin cancer is being awaited and is highly in-demand. It is important to highlight that excess exposure to radiations from the sun gradually erode melanin in the skin. Moreover, such radiations penetrate into the skin thereby destroying the melanocyte cells. Melanomas are asymmetrical and have irregular borders, notched edges, and color variations, so analyzing the shape, color, and texture of the skin lesion is important for melanoma early detection and prevention. In this work, the components of a portable real-time noninvasive skin lesion analysis system to assist in the melanoma prevention and early detection are proposed. The first component is a real-time alert to help users to prevent skin burn caused by sunlight; a novel equation to compute the time for skin to burn is thereby introduced. The second component is an automated image analysis including image acquisition, hair detection and exclusion, lesion segmentation, feature extraction, and classification. The framework has been developed in a smart-phone application. The experimental results show that the proposed system is efficient, achieving high classification accuracies. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Computer science en_US
dc.subject Computer engineering en_US
dc.subject Detection en_US
dc.subject Image analysis en_US
dc.subject Lesion en_US
dc.subject Melanoma en_US
dc.subject Prevention en_US
dc.subject Skin cancer en_US
dc.title A Portable Real-Time Noninvasive Skin Lesion Analysis System to Assist in the Melanoma Prevetion and Early Detection en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.institute.department School of Engineering en_US
dc.institute.name University of Bridgeport en_US

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