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Graphene Based Nanocomposite Hybrid Electrodes for Supercapacitors

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dc.contributor.author Aphale, Ashish
dc.date.accessioned 2014-12-17T20:52:02Z
dc.date.available 2014-12-17T20:52:02Z
dc.date.issued 2014-12-17
dc.identifier.citation A. Aphale, "Graphene Based Nanocomposite Hybrid Electrodes for Supercapacitors", Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Univ. of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, 2014.
dc.identifier.uri https://scholarworks.bridgeport.edu/xmlui/handle/123456789/1022
dc.description.abstract There is an unmet need to develop high performance energy storage systems (ESS), capable of storing energy from both renewable and non-renewable sources to meet the current energy crisis and depletion of non-renewable sources. Amongst many available ESS, supercapacitors (ECs) are the most promising because they exhibit a high charge/discharge rate and power density, along with a long cycle life. The possibility of exploring the use of atomically thin carbon allotropes like graphene, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and electrically conducting polymers (ECPs) such as polypyrrole (PPy) has been studied as a high performance conducting electrodes in supercapacitor application. A novel templated sustainable nanocomposite electrode has been fabricated using cellulose extracted from Cladophora c. aegagropila algae as component of the assembled supercapacitor device which later has been transitioned to a unique template-less freestanding nanocomposite supercapacitor electrode. The specific capacitance of polypyrrole-graphene-cellulose nanocomposite as calculated from cyclic voltammetry curve is 91.5 F g-1 at the scan rate 50 m Vs-1 in the presence of 1M NaCl electrolyte. The open circuit voltage of the device with polypyrrole -graphene-cellulose electrode was found to be around 225 m V and that of the polypyrrole -cellulose device is only 53 m V without the presence of graphene in the nanocomposite electrode. Understanding the fundamentals by fabricating template nanocomposite electrode, it led to fabricate a unique nanocomposite template-less freestanding film which comprises of polypyrrole-graphene-CNT hybrid. Various experiments have been performed using different electrolytes such ascorbic acid, sodium sulfate and sulfuric acid in different scan rates. The specific capacitance of polypyrrole-graphene-CNT nanocomposite with 0.1 wt% of graphene-CNT, as calculated from cyclic voltammetry curve is 450 F g-1 at the scan rate 5 m V s-1. For the first time a nanofibrous membrane has been developed as a separator which acts as an electrolyte reservoir and ionic diffusion membrane. The performance of the fabricated supercapacitor device has been analyzed using a multimeter and compared with a conventional alkaline (1.5 V) battery. Lighting up of 2.2 V light emitting diode has been demonstrated using the fabricated supercapacitor. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Engineering en_US
dc.subject Computer engineering en_US
dc.subject Carbon nanotube en_US
dc.subject Electrospinning en_US
dc.subject Energy storage systems (ESS) en_US
dc.subject Graphene en_US
dc.subject Polypyrrole (PPy) en_US
dc.subject Supercapacitors en_US
dc.title Graphene Based Nanocomposite Hybrid Electrodes for Supercapacitors en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.institute.department School of Engineering
dc.institute.name University of Bridgeport


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